Novel Coronavirus / Wuhan Coronavirus

The novel coronavirus also known as the Wuhan coronavirus, is a contagious virus that causes respiratory infection and has shown evidence of human-to-human transmission, first identified by authorities in Wuhan, Hubei, China.

It is called 'novel' coronavirus (CoV), because it is a completely a new type of coronavirus that has not been previously identified.

Though it is not confirmed, the virus is thought to have a zoonotic origin. This deadly virus already took more than 100 lives and infected thousands of people.

Some small precautions may save our lives.

Symptoms of Novel Coronavirus

Most case-patients have had fever, cough, and shortness of breath, with further evidence of pneumonia (chest infection).

The incubation period (time between exposure and onset of symptoms) likely ranges between two and 14 days.​

Spread of Novel Coronavirus

Most of the early reported cases had contact with a seafood and live animal market, suggesting an animal source of the outbreak. However, most cases are now likely to be spread from person to person by droplets when coughing.

Those who are at risk

People who are living or travelling to affected areas or who have had contact with other cases may be at risk of catching the disease. People with underlying illnesses that make them more vulnerable to respiratory disease, including those with diabetes, chronic lung disease, pre-existing kidney failure, people with suppressed immune systems and the elderly may be at a higher risk.

Prevention

It’s likely that general prevention measures used for other coronavirus infections will also prevent infection with 2019-nCoV.

The WHO recommends measures to reduce the general risk of acute respiratory infections while travelling in or from affected areas by:

  • avoiding close contact with people suffering from acute respiratory infections;
  • frequent hand-washing, especially after direct contact with ill people or their environment;
  • avoiding close contact with live or dead farm or wild animals;
  • people with symptoms of acute respiratory infection should practice cough etiquette (keep away from other people, cover coughs and sneezes with disposable tissues or clothing, and wash hands with soap and running water for at least 20 seconds)

Source of these informations:

1. https://www.ecdc.europa.eu/en/q-novel-coronavirus

2. https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019

3. https://www.health.nsw.gov.au/Infectious/factsheets/Pages/novel-coronavirus.aspx

 

Dr. Hasan Ebna Amin


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